Necessity, Dissuasive, and Effects of Teachers’ Discipline Punishments from Principals’ Perspectives

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52963/PERR_Biruni_V11.N2.03%20

Keywords:

Discipline, Disciplinary punishment, Teacher, Effect, Principal

Abstract

This study was aimed to determine the necessity, dissuasive, and effects of disciplinary punishments on teachers according to the views of the school principals. It was conducted based on a qualitative research approach and case study. Participants were 20 school principals from various school types in the 2020-2021 academic year in Amasya city center, Turkey.  A semi-structured interview form designed by the researchers was used to collect the data. The data was analyzed based on content analysis. Findings were gathered under four main themes; necessity, dissuasive, effects, and suggestions. Findings show that existing disciplinary regulations are not functional enough. In the study, the type and personality of the offense are seen as important factors in the dissuasion of disciplinary punishments against teachers.  Reasons such as the ineffectiveness of the existing disciplinary regulations, the security of the civil service as a profession, and the effects of pressure groups emerge as factors that prevent the dissuasion of disciplinary punishments. It is considered necessary by school principals to make more functional discipline regulations, to focus on discipline regulations specific to the education and teaching profession, and preventive studies. Personality type, type of offense, school type, and dysfunctional disciplinary arrangements are effective in the emergence of situations requiring disciplinary punishment. There is a need for disciplinary arrangements that are suitable for today’s developments and include educational-specific rules. existing disciplinary regulations are not functional enough. As a result of the research, suggestions were given in line with the findings.

References

Alikaşifoğlu, K. (1977). Discipline punishments. Amme Idaresi Journal, 10(4), 33-45.

Anthony, W. P., Kacmar, K. M., & Perreve P. L. (2002). Human resource management a strategic approach. Thomson.

Apgar, K. P. (2018). Teacher ethics code violations that result in licensure or certification sanctions (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Portland.

Arıca, M. N. (2000). Memur sucları ve soruşturma. Ilksan Publications.

Aydın. M. (2010). Eğitim yönetimi. Hatipoğlu Publications.

Banter, K. A. (2003). A descriptive analysis of the codes of ethics for educators (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). The University of Georgia, Georgia.

Barrett, D. E., Headley, K. N., Stovall, B., & Witte, J. C. (2006). Teachers' perceptions of the frequency and seriousness of violations of ethical standards. The Journal of Psychology, 140(5), 421-433. https://doi.org/10.3200/JRLP.140.5.421-433.

Başar, H. (1993). Eğitim denetçisi rolleri yeterlikleri seçilmesi yetiştirilmesi. Pegem Publications.

Başaran, İ. E. (2000). Eğitim yönetimi ve nitelikli okul. Feryal Publications.

Beşirli, (1997). İlköğretim kurumlarında çalışan öğretmenlerin işledikleri disiplin suçları ve aldıkları cezalar (Unpublished master thesis). Gazi University, Ankara.

Boyd, B. B. (1968). Management-minded supervision. McGraw-Hill Publications.

Bursalıoğlu, Z. (2015). Okul yönetiminde yeni yapı ve davranış. PegemA Publications.

Çağlar, S. (2006). İlköğretim okulu öğretmenlerinin işledikleri disiplin suçları ve aldıkları disiplin cezaları (Unpublished master thesis). İnönü University, Malatya.

Carr, D. (2006). Professional and personal values and virtues in education and teaching. Oxford Review of Education, 32(2), 171-183. https://doi.org/10.1080/03054980600645354.

Çelebi, N. (2009). Resmi ve özel ilköğretim kurumlarında çalışan öğretmen ve yöneticilerin disiplin sorunları ve ödüllendirme uygulamaları. Marmara University. Atatürk Faculty of Education Journal, 29, 75-100.

Çelik, Y. (1998). Ortaöğretimde görev yapan öğretmenlerin işledikleri disiplin suçları ve uygulanan cezalar (Unpublished master thesis). Ankara University, Ankara.

Cole, G. (2002). Personel and human resource management. Continumum Publications.

Condon, P., & DeSteno, D. (2011). Compassion for one reduces punishment for another. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47(3), 698-701. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2010.11.016.

Coşkun, H. (2009). 657 sayılı Devlet Memurları Kanunu’na göre disiplin sucları ve disiplin soruşturmaları (Unpublished master thesis). Mustafa Kemal University, Hatay.

Dessler, G. (1978). Personnel management modern concepts and techniques. Reston Publications.

Disciplinary Regulation for State Officers. (2021). Official gazette date and number: April 30, 2021 and 31470. https://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2021/04/20210430-20.pdf. Retrived date: 09.07.2021.

Eckes, S. E., & Russo, C. J. (2012). School discipline and safety. Sage Publications.

Engür, A., & Kayıkcı K. (2020). Türk eğitim sistemindeki mesleki güvence uygulamalarının okula ve öğretmenlerin performansına etkisi. E-International Journal of Educational Research, 11(2), 16-34. https://doi.org/10.19160/ijer.735585.

Erdogan, Z. (2010). 657 sayılı Devlet Memurları Kanunu’na göre disiplin cezaları ve yargısal denetimi (Unpublished master thesis). Gazi University, Ankara.

French, W. L. (1978). The personnel management process human resources administration and development. Houghton Mifflin Company.

Gezer, H. (2015). İlkogretim okullarında görev yapan öğretmenlerin işledikleri disiplin suçları ile aldıkları disiplin cezalarının değerlendirilmesi (Unpublished master thesis). Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Çanakkale.

Gözcü, S. (2008). İstanbul ilinde görev yapan öğretmenlerin disiplin suçları ve cezalarını algılama düzeyleri (Unpublished master thesis). Yeditepe University, Istanbul.

Greenberg, J. (2005). Managing behavior in organizations. Pearson Prentice Hall Publications.

Güneşleyici, S. (2010). İdare hukukunda memurların disiplin soruşturması (Unpublished master thesis). Erciyes University, Kayseri.

Hartley, M. T., & Cartwright, B. Y. (2015). Analysis of the reported ethical complaints and violations to the Commission on Rehabilitation Counselor Certification, 2006-2013. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 58(3), 154-164. https://doi.org/10.1177/0034355214543565.

İlgar, L. (2005). Eğitim yönetimi, okul yönetimi, sınıf yönetimi. Beta Publications.

Jucius, M. J. (1979). Personel management. Irwin Publications.

Karataş, S. (2000). İlköğretim kurumlarında görev yapan öğretmenlerin işledikleri disiplin suçları ve aldıklari disiplin cezaları ile bireysel değişkenleri arasındaki ilişkinin değerlendirilmesi (Unpublished master thesis). Ataturk University, Erzurum.

Kepenekci, Y. (2011). Educational administrators’ education in law. Ankara University Faculty of Educational Sciences Journal, 44(1), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1501/Egifak_0000001213.

Kepenekci, Y., & Taşkın, P. (2019). Egitim hukuku. Siyasal Publications.

Kıral, B. (2019). Türk eğitim sisteminin yasal dayanakları. U. Akın (Edt). Türk eğitim sistemi ve okul yönetimi. PegemA Publications.

Kraska, M. F. & Seçkin, N. (1995). Rewards and punishments of secondary school teachers in Turkey. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED382584.pdf. Retrieved date: 06.09.2021.

Licensure Code of Professional Conduct for Ohio Educators. (2019). https://education.ohio.gov. Retrieved date: 09.09.2021.

Merriam, S. M. (2009). Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation. John Wiley & Sons Publications.

Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis. Sage Publications.

Ministry of National Education Turkey. (2000). Review and investigation guide. Ministry of National Education Pub.

Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology-Japan. (2021). https://www.mext.go.jp/en/ Retrieved date: 30.11.2021.

Ministry of National Education Administrative 2019 annual report. (2020). https://sgb.meb.gov.tr/meb_iys_dosyalar/2020_03/12144540_28191618_Milli_EYitim BakanlYYY_2019_YYlY_Ydare_Faaliyet_Raporu_28.02.2020.pdf. Retrived date: 16.04.2020.

Orman, H. (2011). Memur disiplin hukukunun genel ilkeleri (Unpublished master thesis). İstanbul Kültür University, Istanbul.

Osborne, A. G., & Russo, C. J. (2011). The legal rights and responsibilities of teachers. Corwin, Sage Publications.

Öter, O. M. (2002). İlköğretim okulu yöneticilerinin aldıkları disiplin cezaları (Unpublished master thesis). İnönü University, Malatya.

Özcan, K. (2014). Çevresel baskı gruplarının okul yönetimine etkileri. E-International Journal of Educational Research, 5(1), 88-113. https://doi.org/10.19160/e-ijer.25836.

Page, D. (2013). Teacher misbehavior: An analysis of disciplinary orders by the general teaching council for England. British Educational Research Journal, 39(3), 545–564. https://doi.org/10.1080/01411926.2012.674103.

Richardson, P. W., & Watt, H. M. G. (2010). Current and future directions in teacher motivation research. Advances in Motivation and Achievement, 16B, 139–173.

Robbins, S. P., & Judge, T. A. (2017). Organizational behavior. Pearson Publications.

Russo, C. J., & Gregory, D. L. (1999). Legal and ethical issues surrounding drug testing in schools. https://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.journals/mslr1999&div=25&id =&page. Retrieved date: 10.11.2021.

Seçkin, N. (1990). Orta dereceli okul öğretmenlerinin aldıkları ödülller ve cezalara ilişkin bir çalışma. Eğitim ve Bilim, 77, 24-36.

Seyhani, M., Özder, H., & Konedralı, G. (2009). KKTC’de ilkokul öğretmenlerine uygulanan ödül-ceza politikalarının değerlendirilmesi. Educational Administration in Theory and Practice, 1(57), 109-131.

Sorguç, B. (1992). Disiplin ve idari soruşturma. Ministry of National Education Publications.

Söyler, Y. (2009. İdari usul ilkeleri açısından devlet memurunun disiplin sorusturması (Unpublished master thesis). Gazi University, Ankara.

State Personnel Law (Law No 657).1965. Official gazette date and number: 23.07.1965 and 12056. https://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/MevzuatMetin/1.5.657.pdf. Retrieved date: 18.12.2019.

Taş, H. & Kıroğlu, K. (2019). İlköğretim kurumlarında görev yapan öğretmenlerin işledikleri disiplin suçları ile aldıkları disiplin cezalarının çeşitli değişkenler açısından incelenmesi. Elementary Education Online, 18(1), 78-96. https://doi.org/10.17051/ilkonline.2019.527162.

Teaching Regulation Agency. (2020). Guidance on the teacher misconduct regulatory system and disciplinary procedures. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/teacher-misconduct-disciplinary-procedures. Retrived date: 29.11.2021.

Teachers Service Commissions in Kenya. (2021). Professional misconduct. https://www.tsc.go.ke/index.php/professional-misconduct. Retrieved date: 30.11.2021.

Terzi, H. (1996). 1994–95 eğitim ve öğretim yılında İstanbul ili resmi ve ozel ilköğretim kurumlarındaki yönetici ve öğretmenlerin aldıkları disiplin cezalarının analizi (Unpublished master thesis). Marmara University, Istanbul.

Uğurlu, B. (2012). Resmi liselerde çalışan öğretmenlerin kişilik özellikleri ile kullandıkları disiplin stilleri arasındaki ilişkinin incelenmesi (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Marmara University, İstanbul.

Ünal, A. (2012). Eğitim kurumlarında adli ve idari soruşturma. Anı Publications.

Uygun, F. (2012). Memur disiplin suc ve cezaları (Unpublished Master thesis). Beykent University, İstanbul.

Vardi, Y., & Weitz, E. (2004) Misbehavior in organizations. Lawrence Erlbaum Publications.

Yıldırım, A., & Şimşek, H. (2005). Sosyal bilimlerde nitel araştırma yöntemleri. Seçkin Publications.

Yıldız, G. (2019). Devlet memurları kanunu: Türk kamu personel rejimi için bitmeyen tartışma. Ufuk University Journal of Social Sciences, 8(15), 413-437.

Zirkel, P. A. (2014). State ethical codes for school leaders. Journal of Law and Education, 34(4), 503-534.

Zirkel, P. A. (2015). Revocation or suspension of educator certification: A systematic analysis of the case law. Journal of Law & Education, 44(4), 539-584

Additional Files

Published

2022-08-04

How to Cite

Elmacı, D., & Kıral, B. (2022). Necessity, Dissuasive, and Effects of Teachers’ Discipline Punishments from Principals’ Perspectives. Psycho-Educational Research Reviews, 11(2), 38–53. https://doi.org/10.52963/PERR_Biruni_V11.N2.03