Evaluation of the Curriculum of the Information Technologies Lesson Designed with the Web-Based Reflective Thinking Activities
Keywords:Reflective Thinking, Computer Education, Academic Achievement, Eisner’s Curriculum Evaluation Model
In this study, the aim is to evaluate the effect of the 6th grade Information Technologies lesson based on reflective thinking supported with web tools developed by the researchers to the academic achievement according to Eisner’s Educational Criticism Model (EECM). The method of this study is in mixed structure which includes both qualitative and quantitative research models. Sample of the study consists of 68 6th grade at a state school in district of South-Aegean in 2019-2020 academic year. While in the quantitative part of the study, as a model, pre-test, post-test and semi-experimental design with an experiment-control group were specified, in the qualitative part, case study method was used and data was analysed by using the steps of EECM, which has qualitative features. As data collection tool in the study; academic achievement test, semi-structured interview form used in the interviews with the teachers and the students and observation form to be used for the observations in the classrooms were used. In the result of the study, the curriculum had a positive effect on the academic achievement of the 6th grade students at the Information Technologies lesson and it was seen that this effect was a significant difference for the good of the experimental group. In the qualitative evaluation of the curriculum, description and interpretation according to the views of the participants and objectives, content, learning experiences and evaluation elements of the curriculum were evaluated.
Atasoy, B. (2009). The effects of reflective prompts in web-based educational environment on students' metacognitive skills, academic success, and efficiency. (Publication No. 278396) [Doctoral dissertation, Gazi University]. Council of Higher Education Thesis Center, Turkey.
Baş, G., & Beyhan, Ö. (2012). İngilizce dersinde yansıtıcı düşünme etkinliklerinin öğrencilerin akademik başarılarına ve derse yönelik tutumlarına etkisi. Amasya Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 1(2), 128-142.
Bayrak F. (2010). The effect of blogging on reflective thinking skill. (Publication No. 270176) [Master’s Thesis, Hacettepe University]. Council of Higher Education Thesis Center, Turkey.
Barrett, J. (2010). Blogging it: Encouraging reflective thinking for architectural practise. CEBE Transactions, 7(1), 38-50.
Bümen, N. T. (2006). Program geliştirmede bir dönüm noktası: Yenilenmiş Bloom taksonomisi. Eğitim ve Bilim. 142 (31), 3-14.
Büyüköztürk, Ş.(2002). Sosyal Bilimler için Veri Analizi El Kitabı. Pegem Publications.
Chang, K. E., Sung, Y. T., & Lin, S. F. (2006). Computer-assisted learning for mathematical problem solving. Computers & Education, 46(2), 140-151.
Chaumba, J. (2015). Using blogs to stimulate reflective thinking in a human behaviour course. Social Work Education, 34(4), 337-390. https://doi.org/10.1080/02615479.2015.1007947
Creswell, J. W. (2007). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA.
Çiğdem, H. (2012). The effect of journals that prospective teachers of information technologies have kept in the teaching practicum courses through blog on reflective thinking levels. (Publication No. 320330) [Doctoral dissertation, Anadolu University]. Council of Higher Education Thesis Center, Turkey.
Çiğdem, H., & Kurt, A., A. (2012). Yansıtıcı düşünme ölçeğinin türkçeye uyarlanması. Uludağ Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 25 (2), 475-493.
Çimen, A. (2014). Effects of using social networks for educational purposes as complementary or enriching tools on academic achievement, social network usage behaviors and satisfaction of high school students. (Publication No. 411580) [Master’s Thesis, Yıldız Technical University]. Council of Higher Education Thesis Center, Turkey.
Demirel, Ö. (2010) Eğitimde program geliştirme. Pegem A Publishing.
Dewey, J. (1933). How we think. New York: Heath and Co. https://doi.org/10.1037/10903-000
Dimova, Y., & Loughran, J. (2009) Developing a big picture understanding of reflection in pedagogical practise. Reflective Practise. 10(2), 205-217. https://doi.org/10.1080/14623940902786214
Doğan, H. (1997). Eğitimde program ve öğretim tasarımı. Gazi Kitapevi.
Eisner, E. W. (1985). The Educational Imagination: on the design and evaluation of school programmes. Macmillan Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1177/002248718003100610
Eisner, E. W. (1998). The Enlightened Eye: qualitative inquiry and the enhancement of educational practise. Prentice Hall. ISBN 978-0-8077-7587-5 (ebook)
Güvendi, G. (2014). Determination of teachers' usage frequency of online education and sharing websites supplied by the ministry of education: An example of Education Information Technologies Network (EBA). (Publication No. 363454) [Master’s Thesis, Sakarya University]. Council of Higher Education Thesis Center, Turkey.
Kural Er, F. (2007). Computer teachers’ opinions and expectations related to the primary school computer syllabus: A case study, Çanakkale city sample (Publication No. 204889) [Master’s Thesis, Çanakkale University]. Council of Higher Education Thesis Center, Turkey.
Erbil, D., & Kocabaş, A. (2015). Cooperative learning method in the third grade life studies course and students’ reflective thinking skills. Uluslararası Eğitim Programları ve Öğretim Çalışmaları Dergisi, 5(9), 63-79.
Erden, M. (1998). Eğitimde Program Değerlendirme. Anı Yayıncılık.
Ersözlü, Z. N. (2008). The effects of reflective thinking activities on the academic successes and attitudes of fifth grade primary social studies students. (Publication No. 220950) [Master’s Thessis, Yıldız Technical University]. Council of Higher Education Thesis Center, Turkey.
Ersözlü, Z., N. & Kazu, H. (2011). İlköğretim beşinci sınıf sosyal bilgiler dersinde uygulanan yansıtıcı düşünmeyi geliştirme etkinliklerinin akademik başarıya etkisi. Uludağ Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi 24(1) 141-159. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/uefad/issue/16693/173511
Ekiz, D. (2006). Kendini ve başkalarını izleme: Sınıf öğretmeni adaylarının yansıtıcı günlükleri. İlköğretim Online, 5(1), 45-57. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ilkonline/issue/8607/107221
Goodman, B., Soller, A., Linton, F., & Gaimari, R. (1998). Encouraging student reflection and articulation using a learning companion. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 9(2), 237-255. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40593-015-0041-4
Hatch, J. A. (2002). Doing qualitative research in education settings. State University of New York Press: New York.
Kearns, L., & Frey, B. (2010). Web 2.0 technologies and back channel communication in an online learning community. TechTrends, 54(4), 41–51. http://doi.org/10.1007/s11528-010-0419-y
Kızılkaya, G. (2009). The effect of web-based learning environments supported with reflective thinking activities to problem solving. (Publication No. 244674) [Doctoral dissertation, Hacettepe University]. Council of Higher Education Thesis Center, Turkey.
Kozan, S. (2007). The effect of reflective thinking skill on the source searching and report writing course. (Publication No. 217545) [Master’s Thesis, Selçuk University]. Council of Higher Education Thesis Center, Turkey.
Köksal, N. (2006). The contributions of reflective thinking to pre-service teachers' teaching practice. (Publication No. 24310) [Doctoral dissertation, Hacettepe University]. Council of Higher Education Thesis Center, Turkey.
Kumral, O., & Saracaloğlu, A. S. (2011). Eğitim programlarının değerlendirilmesi ve eğitsel eleştiri modeli. Uluslarası Eğitim Programları ve Öğretim Çalışmaları Dergisi, 1(2), 27-35.
Kuuk, Ö., & Arslan, A. (2020). Cooperative learning in developing positive attitudes and reflective thinking skills of high school students’ in english course. Psycho-Educational Research Reviews, 9(1), 83–96. Retrieved from https://perrjournal.com/index.php/perrjournal/article/view/145
Loughran, J. (1996). Developing reflective practise: Learning about teaching and learning through modelling. London: Falmer Press. ISBN 9780750705165.
Maxwell, J. A. (1996). Qualitative research design. Sage Publication. https://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781849208826
McMurray, E., & Sanft, M. (2005, November). Metacognitive application process: A framework for teaching effective thinking skills in FYE courses. Paper presented at the College Survival Becoming a Master Student National Conference, Utah, United States.
Nee, C. K. (2014). The Effect of Educational Networking on Students' Performance in Biology. International Journal on Integrating Technology in Education (IJITE), 3(1), 21-41.
Oliva, P. F. (1997). Developing the curriculum. New York: Longman.
O'Reilly, T. (2005). What is Web 2.0: design patterns and business models for the next generation of software. Communications & Strategies. 1(17).
Özdemir, E. A. (2006). Türkiye’de ingilizce öğreniminin yaygınlaşmasının nedenleri. Mersin Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 2(1), 28-35. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/mersinefd/ issue/17390/181751
Patton, M. Q. (1990). Qualitative evaluation and research methods. Newbury Park: Sage Publications. https://doi.org/10.1002/nur.4770140111
Pollard, A. (1999). Reflective teaching in the primary school, a handbook for the classroom. (3rd Edition). Cassell Education Series. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08353-7_5
Raelin, J. A. (2001). Public reflection as the basis of learning. Management Learning, 32(1), 11-30. https://doi.org/10.1177/1350507601321002
Schön, D. A. (1987). Educating the reflective practitioner. San Francisco: Jossey Bass. https://doi.org/10.1002/chp.4750090207
Schön, D. A. (1984). The reflective practitioner: How professionals think in action. Maurice Temple Smith Ltd. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315237473
Shockney, R. (2013). Measuring effectiveness of a social networking site in a middle school. Master Thesis, California State University, College of Education.
Marcos, S., Taggart, G., L., & Wilson, A., P. (2005). Promoting reflective thinking in teachers, 50 action strategies. Second Ed., Corwin Pres. ISBN-13: 978-1412909648
Thompson, C. L., & Zeuli, J. S. (1999). The frame and the tapesty : Standarts-based reform and professional development. In L. Darling-Hammond & G. Sykes (Ed.), Teaching as the learning professional: Handbook of policy and practise (pp.341-375). San Francisco: Joesy-Bass. ISBN: ISBN-0-7879-4341-X
Tican, C. (2013). The effects of reflective thinking-based teaching activities on pre-service teachers' reflective thinking skills, critical thinking skills, democratic attitudes and academic achievement (Publication No. 354694) [Doctoral dissertation, Gazi University]. Council of Higher Education Thesis Center, Turkey.
Tok, Ş. (2008). Yansıtıcı düşünmeyi geliştirici etkinliklerin öğretmen adaylarının öğretmenlik mesleğine yönelik tutumlarına, performanslarına ve yansıtmalarına etkisi. Eğitim ve Bilim, 33(149), 104–117.
Turkey, M. O. (2015). Promoting reflective thinking skills by using web 2.0 tools application. SSRN Electronic Journal 11(2). https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2758239
Wilson, J., & Jan, L. W. (1993). Thinking for themselves developing strategies for reflective learning. Australia: Eleanor Curtain Publishing.
Uşun, S. (2000). Dünyada ve Türkiye’de Bilgisayar Destekli Ögretim. Pegem A Publishing.
Ünver, G. (2003). Yansıtıcı düşünme. Pegem A. Publishing.
Van Manen, M. (1977). Linking ways of knowing with ways of being practical. Curriculum Inquiry, 6(2), 205-228. https://doi.org/10.2307/1179579
Yıldırım, N. (2013). The effect of the software vitamin, by ministry of national education (MEB), on the 5th grade students' achievements and their reflective thinking skills in science and technology class. (Publication No. 328690) [Master’s Thesis, Necmettin Erbakan University]. Council of Higher Education Thesis Center, Turkey.
Yıldırım, C. (2012). The effect of scientific process skills activities on elementary school 7th grade student's reflective thinking. (Publication No. 326967) [Master’s Thesis, Pamukkale University]. Council of Higher Education Thesis Center, Turkey.
Yin, R. K. (2003). Case Study Research. Sage Publication: London. https://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781526485168
Yost, D. S., Sentner, S. M., & Forlenza-Bailey, A. (2000). An examination of the construct of critical reflection: Implications for teacher education programing in the 21st century. Journal of Teacher Education, 51(1), 39-49. https://doi.org/10.1177/002248710005100105
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Psycho-Educational Research Reviews
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.